Research on corporal punishment of children

Prohibition and elimination of all corporal punishment is an immediate obligation under international human rights law. It is not necessary to prove it is harmful or prevalent in order to justify law reform and other measures to ensure children are not subjected to it. Nevertheless, research can pay a key role in making the problem visible, in achieving attitudinal and behavioural change and in assessing the success of efforts to implement prohibiting legislation. See the links below for further information.

Prevalence/attitudinal research

This section provides summaries of research into the prevalence of, and attitudes towards, corporal punishment of children for each state and territory. It includes all research carried out in the last ten years. Global and regional compilations of the summaries are also available. If you know of any prevalence/attitudinal research which is missing from our summaries, please let us know at

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Research on the negative impact of corporal punishment

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Research on the positive impact of prohibition

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This is an automatic translation service. Extracts from laws, treaty body recommendations and Universal Periodic Review outcomes are unofficial translations.