Prohibition of all corporal punishment in Bulgaria (2000)
Corporal punishment is unlawful according to the Child Protection Act (2000). Article 11.2 states:
Every child has a right to protection against all methods of upbringing, that undermine his or her dignity, against physical, psychological or other types of violence and against all forms of influence which go against his or her interests."
This is interpreted as prohibiting all corporal punishment of children, including by parents. The Regulation on the Implementation of the Child Protection Act (in force 2003) defines violence against children as “any act of physical, mental or sexual violence, neglect, commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential damage to the child’s health, life, development or dignity that may be performed in a family, school or social environment” (art. 1); physical violence is described as “the infliction of bodily injury, including pain or suffering, without damage being caused to health”.
The prohibition is confirmed in the Family Code 2009, which states in article 125(2):
The parent shall raise the child, form his/her views and provide for his/her education in reference to his/her possibilities and in reference to the child’s needs and aptitudes and in view to his/her growing up as an independent and responsible personality. The parent shall not use force, as well as methods of education, which lower the child’s dignity….”
- Global Initiative country report for Bulgaria